java program for Evil Number

Programming Example

Write a Program in Java to input a number and check whether it is an Evil Number or not.

Evil Number: An Evil number is a positive whole number which has even number of 1’s in its binary equivalent.

Example: Binary equivalent of 9 is 1001, which contains even number of 1’s. A few evil numbers are 3, 5, 6, 9….

Design a program to accept a positive whole number and find the binary equivalent of the number and count the number of 1’s in it and display whether it is a Evil number or not with an appropriate message. Output the result in format given below:

Example 1

INPUT : 15

BINARY EQUIVALENT : 1111

NO. OF 1’s : 4

OUTPUT : EVIL NUMBER

Example 2

INPUT : 26

BINARY EQUIVALENT : 11010

NO. OF 1’s : 3

OUTPUT : NOT AN EVIL NUMBER

Solution

import java.util.*;
class EvilNumber
{
    String toBinary(int n) 
    {
        int r;
        String s=""; 
  
        char dig[]={'0','1'}; 
  
        while(n>0)
            {
                r=n%2; 
                s=dig[r]+s; 
                n=n/2;
            }
        return s;
    }
     
    int countOne(String s) 
    {
        int c = 0, l = s.length();
        char ch;
        for(int i=0; i<l; i++)
        {
            ch=s.charAt(i);
            if(ch=='1')
            {
                c++;
            }
        }
        return c;
    }
     
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        EvilNumber ob = new EvilNumber();
        Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
         
        System.out.print("Enter a positive number : ");
        int n = sc.nextInt();
         
        String bin = ob.toBinary(n);
        System.out.println("Binary Equivalent = "+bin);
         
        int x = ob.countOne(bin);
        System.out.println("Number of Ones = "+x);
         
        if(x%2==0)
            System.out.println(n+" is an Evil Number.");
        else
            System.out.println(n+" is Not an Evil Number.");
    }
}
Output

Enter a positive number : 15

Binary Equivalent = 1111

Number of Ones = 4

15 is an Evil Number.

Enter a positive number : 420

Binary Equivalent = 110100100

Number of Ones = 4

420 is an Evil Number.

Enter a positive number : 3

Binary Equivalent = 11

Number of Ones = 2

3 is an Evil Number.

Enter a positive number : 26

Binary Equivalent = 11010

Number of Ones = 3

26 is Not an Evil Number.

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